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PCO editorial conventions for reprints

Read the archived editorial conventions applicable before 5 August 2013 »

General

Each reprint incorporates all the amendments to that enactment as at the date the reprint was produced. A list of amendments at the end of each reprint indicates which enactments have affected the principal enactment.

Links to any amending enactments that have yet to come into force are listed on the New Zealand Legislation website under the reprint's Versions and amendments tab. Relevant transitional or savings provisions are also included, after the principal enactment, in chronological order.

Status of reprints

Under section 18 of the Legislation Act 2012, reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted or made by the legislation reprinted and by the amendments to that legislation. This presumption applies even though editorial changes authorised by section 25 of the Legislation Act 2012 have been made in the reprint. For an outline of editorial changes made in reprints, see below.

This presumption may be rebutted by producing the official volumes of statutes or statutory regulations in which the principal enactment and its amendments are contained.

How reprints are prepared

The following conventions are followed in the preparation of reprints generally, and they are followed, where relevant, in the preparation of each reprint:

  • the enacting words are omitted
  • history notes are inserted under each provision that has been amended, and indicate where the provision has been amended, the particular enactment responsible for the change, and its commencement date
  • provisions that are repealed or revoked are omitted, but the heading is kept and a history note is inserted under it
  • references in a reprinted enactment to any repealed enactment are replaced, where possible, with a reference to any enactment that directly replaces or corresponds to the repealed enactment, in reliance on section 22(2) of the Interpretation Act 1999
  • any term used in a reprinted enactment that is deemed, by another enactment, to be read as if it were another term is replaced, where appropriate, by that other term. For example:
    • references to pounds, shillings, and pence may be replaced by a reference to the equivalent amount in decimal currency (dollars and cents), pursuant to section 7 of the Decimal Currency Act 1964
    • references to the General Assembly of New Zealand may be replaced by references to the Parliament of New Zealand, pursuant to section 29(2) of the Constitution Act 1986
    • references to the Governor may be replaced by references to the Governor-General, pursuant to section 30 of the Interpretation Act 1999
    • references to His Majesty the King or Her Majesty the Queen may be replaced by references to the Sovereign, pursuant to section 25(1)(a) of the Legislation Act 2012
    • references to natives may be replaced by references to Maori, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947
    • references to a Magistrate's Court and Magistrate may be replaced by references to a District Court and District Court Judge, pursuant to section 18(2) of the District Courts Amendment Act 1979
    • references to the Public Account and the Trust Account may be replaced by a Crown Bank Account, pursuant to section 83(7) of the Public Finance Act 1989
    • references to a balance sheet may be replaced by a statement of financial position, pursuant to section 6(1) of the Financial Reporting Amendment Act 1997
    • references to the Public Trustee and the Public Trust Office may be replaced by references to Public Trust, pursuant to section 152(1) of the Public Trust Act 2001
    • references to the Audit Office may be replaced by references to the Auditor-General, pursuant to section 52 of the Public Audit Act 2001
    • references to a member of Police and a policeman may be replaced by references to a constable, pursuant to section 116(a) of the Policing Act 2008.
Changes made under sections 25 and 26 of the Legislation Act 2012

Section 24 of the Legislation Act 2012 authorises the making of editorial changes in a reprint as set out in section 25 of that Act so that, to the extent permitted, the format and style of the reprinted enactment is consistent with current legislative drafting practice. Changes that would alter the effect of legislation are not permitted.

A new format of legislation was introduced on 1 January 2000. Changes to legislative drafting style have also been made since 1997, and are ongoing. To the extent permitted by sections 25 and 26 of the Legislation Act 2012, all legislation reprinted after 1 January 2000 is in the new format for legislation and reflects current drafting practice at the time of the reprint.

In outline, the editorial changes that may be made in reprints under the authority of section 25 of the Legislation Act 2012 are set out below, and they are applied, where relevant, in the preparation of each reprint:

  • language that indicates or could be taken to indicate a particular gender may be changed to gender-neutral language
  • numbering, renumbering, and consequential amendments may be authorised by Order in Counsel
  • a reference to a body, office, person, place, or thing that has been changed, or replaced by another body, office, person, place, or thing may be replaced with an updated reference
  • the way provisions are referred to may be changed
  • unnecessary referential words (such as "of this section" and "of this Act") may be omitted
  • words in the Maori language (te reo Maori) may be changed to reflect current orthographic conventions
  • punctuation may be changed or omitted, or new punctuation inserted
  • conjunctives and disjunctives may be inserted, omitted, or changed
  • obvious errors may be corrected, including:
    • typographical and clerical errors
    • grammatical and spelling errors, and errors of punctuation
    • errors in numbering, cross-referencing, and alphabetical ordering
    • errors in or arising out of an amendment, by another enactment, to the legislation reprinted
    • any other errors of a similar nature
  • the way numbers, dates, times, quantities, measurements, and similar matters, ideas, or concepts are referred to or expressed may be changed
  • a provision in the nature of a savings, transitional, validation, or other similar provision that is contained in an amending enactment may be incorporated as a provision of the enactment it amends, and all necessary consequential amendments may be made.

Changes authorised by section 26 include:

  • changes to the setting out of provisions, tables, and schedules
  • repositioning of marginal notes or section headings
  • typeface and type size changes
  • addition or removal of boldface, italics, and similar textual attributes
  • addition or removal of quotation marks and rules
  • changes to the case of letters or words
  • repositioning of the date of Royal assent.

Under section 27 of the Legislation Act 2012, all authorised changes made under that Act must be outlined in general terms, and in a suitable place.

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